Frequently used terms in Aikido

Onegai shimasu- Please (train with me)


Dojo – Place of the Way


Sensei - Teacher


Domo Arigato gozaimashita – Thank you for what you have just done

Dozo – Please (train)

Kohai - junior


Kiai – energy / shout


Hanmi - Stance


Senpai - senior


Uke – the receiver of the technique


Nage – the instigator of the technique


Shomen – Front (usually the picture of O Sensei in an Aikido Dojo)

Tatami – Mat

Posture (shizentai gamae)

Migi gamae - right side

Hidari gamae - left side

Sankakutai - typical Aikido triangular stance

Ma-ai - Distance between the nage and uke.

Ai hammi - Both persons take migi gamae or hidari gamae at the same time

Gyaku hammi - reverse stance

Gedan - knee height (low)

Chudan - waist/chest height

Jodan - head height (high)

Attacks

Shomenuchi - Frontal attack to top of head

Shomenu-tsuki - Frontal attack to eyes 

Munetsuki - Frontal punch 

Yokomenuchi - Frontal-angular attack to side of head/neck  

Katate-tori - Wrist grab 

Kata-tori - Shoulder grab 

Katate-tori hantai / Kosa-tori - cross hand grab 

Kubi-shime - Choke hold 

Katate-tori Ryote-mochi - Two hands grab one hand 

Ryote-tori - Grab both wrists 

Ryokata-tori - Grab both shoulders 

Randori - Multiple man attack

Hanmi Handachi-waza - Nage in sitting position and uke standing

Suwari-waza - Nage and uke perform techniques on knees

Jiyu-waza - Free Style

Jo-tori - Staff taking

Tanto-tori - Knife taking

Kumi-jo - Paired jo kata practice

Kumi-tachi - Paired bokken practice

Taijbutsu - Empty hand practice

Irimi - Direct entry

Tenkan - Indirect or outside entry. Body makes complete turn around attack.

Atemi - Hand strikes

Jiyu-waza - Free style

Jo - Staff

Suburi - Sword/ bokken practice

Shikko - Knee walking